ASN Description Framework Schema

Last update:
2017-03-27
Editors:
Joseph Chapman (D2L)
Stuart A. Sutton (Information School, University of Washington)

Table of Contents


1 Background

The Achievement Standards Network (ASN) Description Framework (ASN-DF) is comprised of a core set of Resource Description Framework (RDF) properties and classes that can be combined in community profiles with properties and classes defined by others to describe competency frameworks. This documentation describes only those properties and classes defined in the ASN namespace. To see how these terms are combined with those defined by others into a community or organization profile that expresses particular descriptive needs, see ASN Profiles.

The core RDF namespace described here provides IRIs for vocabulary terms useful in RDFa markup and in development of application profiles in the manner defined by Dublin Core. Custom community application profiles for competency frameworks that meet particular national or project needs can be designed using: (1) properties and classes from the ASN Core namespace, (2) locally defined sub-classes and sub-properties of the ASN terms; and (3) other RDF schemas and ontologies useful in the context of the application profile.

The ASN-DF schema is available in a RDF/XML serialization.

Development of the ASN-DF dates back to 2000 and gained significant momentum with near decade-long funding from the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) starting in 2002 to the Information School at the University of Washington and its collaborator, JES & Co., a U.S. non-profit. The goals of the NSF funding were two-fold:

  1. ASN-DF: to design a description framework for machine encoding of the competencies guiding K-12 STEM education in the U.S.; and, to promote it's wide, international adoption as a defacto standard; and

  2. ASN-US: to develop a U.S. repository of competency frameworks for K-12 based on the ASN-DF.

In 2007, a the University of Washington and JES & Co. began a cooperative endeavor with Link Affiliates to advise in development of the Australian ASN-DF profile and collaborate on needed tool development to support the emerging competency framework ecosystem based on the ASN-DF. Work is currently underway on the frameworks of the Canadian provinces.

Subsequent support for the ASN was provided by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. In 2013, stewardship of the ASN-US repository was transferred to D2L with a commitment to maintain access to the repository as an open, public service.

2 Index of Terms in the ASN Namespace

Properties

Classes

See Editor's Note on the use of additional terms in ASN-DF profiles.


3 Namespace/Vocabularies Used

Prefixed
Used
Vocabulary
Title
Namespace
Name
asnAchievement Standards Network Schemahttp://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
dcThe Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, v1.1http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/
dctermsDublin Core Termshttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
gemGateway to 21st Century Skillshttp://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/
skosSimple Knowledge Organization Systemhttp://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#
vannVocabulary for Annotating Vocabulary Descriptionshttp://purl.org/vocab/vann/

 


4 Schema Serializations

The following serializations of the latest version of the ASN-DF schema are available:

  1. RDF/XML

5 Conceptual Model

  1. The ASN Conceptual Model is framed in terms of two entities:
    1. The asn:StandardDocument representing the promulgated competency framework as a whole; and
    2. The asn:Statement representing an individual achievement assertion in an instance of asn:StandardDocument. The asn:StandardDocument is comprised of a set of related instances of asn:Statement.
  2. All instances of asn:StandardDocument and asn:Statement conforming to the ASN Conceptual Model are identified by globally unique identifiers in the form of IRI that are dereferencable over the Web.
  3. A set of core properties define the relationships between the asn:StandardDocument and asn:Statement and between statement dyads. The relationships defined in the core are of two types:
    1. Structural relationships: Structural properties are responsible for replicating the necessary structural relationships between components of the standards document—e.g., structuring hierarchies of instances of asn:Statement in the form of taxon paths and establishing the relationship between an instance of asn:StandardDocument and its set of component asn:Statement.
    2. Semantic relationships: Semantic properties define relationships of meaning between statements including assertions of equivalence or other forms of conceptual synergy of any useful sort. For example, the asn:crossSubectReference property asserts that the instance of asn:Statement in one asn:StandardDocument is related in an interdisciplinary manner to a asn:Statement in a second asn:StandardDocument.
  4. The statement entity is of two kinds—original and derived:
    1. Original statements: Statements in standards documents formally promulgated by a jurisdiction are called original statements in the ASN. Original statements are jurisdictionally binding.
    2. Derived statements: Third parties may create derived instances of asn:Statement that refine an asn:Statement originally coined by another. Derived statements have no jurisdictional binding and are clearly identified as "derived." For example, a 3rd party may create in its own namespace a derived asn:Statement or a set of such statements that decompose an an original asn:Statement into more granular expressions to meet particular business needs. Conformant derived statements, like original statements, are identified by URI, are described using ASN statement properties (or property refinements) and utilize appropriate structural and relational properties associating them with original statements and other derived statements.
  5. The set of core ASN properties is extensible. The current set of properties will be extended to support additional structural and semantic relationships as they emerge in standards documentation and in use of standards data.
  6. At a minimum, dereferencing a standards document or original or derived statement IRI must return the metadata describing the entity identified by the URI including any structural and semantic references to other ASN entities. Such returns should be in machine-readable RDF serialized in JSON-LD, Turtle, or RDF/XML.

The following figure illustrates the entities and select relationships in the ASN Conceptual Model.

ASN Conceptual Model

6 ASN Terms—Properties & Classes

Properties

The format and content of the ASN property tables are summarized below:

Property URI A Uniform Resource Identifier used to identify the property.
Label A human-readableLabel assigned to the property (May be represented in different languages.)
Defined By An identifier of a namespace, pointer to a schema, or bibliographic reference for a document within which the property is defined.
Source Definition The definition of the property in the namespace in which the property was originated. (May be represented in different languages.)
Source Comments Comments on the property from the namespace in which the property originated. (May be represented in different languages.)
Type of Term The grammatical category of the term ("Property", "Class").
Refines The described property semantically refines the referenced property. A refinement makes the meaning of the element narrower or more specific as defined in the DCMI Abstract Model (http://dublincore.org/documents/abstract-model/). It will share the meaning of the unrefined element but with a more restricted scope.
Property Domain The domain of the property being defined identifies the class(es) that may be acceptable instances of the subject of RDF statements for the property.
Property Range The range of the property being defined identifies the class(es) that may be acceptable instances of the object of RDF statements for the property.
Usage Note A comment on the usage of the property or class (vann:usageNote).
Equivalent Property The property being defined is equivalent to the property indicated (owl:equivalentProperty).

Align From Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/alignFrom
Label Align From
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A standards document or statement from which the statement or document being described is aligned.
Source Comments An alignment is an assertion of some degree of eqiuvalency between the subject and the object of the assertion.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument) [Document-to-document]
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement) [Statement-to-statement]

Align To Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/alignTo

Label Align To
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A standards document or statement to which the statement or document being described is aligned.
Source Comments An alignment is an assertion of some degree of equivalency between the subject and the object of the assertion.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument) [Document-to-document]
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement) [Statement-to-statement]

Alternative Statement Notation Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/altStatementNotation

Label Alternative StatementLabel
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition An alphanumeric notation or ID code identifying the statement in common use among end-users.
Source Comments Unlike Statement Notation, Alternative Statement Notation need not be an official identifier created by the promulgating agency. It must be an identifier in common use among end-users of the statement. Alternative Statement Notation should be seldom used and only with a clear demonstration of need (i.e., in common use). For example, in the Common Core State Standards (Math) in the U.S., the official Statement Notation of "CCSS.Math.Content.1.NBT.C.4" is abbreviated in common use by end-users to the unofficial Alternative Statement Notation of "1.NBT.4".
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Undefined

Assesses Competency Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/assessesCompetency

Label Assesses Competency
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The competency that the learning resource being described assesses.
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Authority Status Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/authorityStatus

Label Authority Status
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The status of a standards statement denoting whether the statement owes its origin to the promulgating agency of the standards document of which the statement is a member (i.e., value "Original") or to some 3rd party (i.e., value "Derived").
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNAuthorityStatus/

Broad Alignment Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/broadAlignment
Label Broad Alignment
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The target competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency being described.
Source Comments Broad_Alignment.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Broad Correlation Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/broadCorrelation

Label Broad Correlation
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the learning resource being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the learning resource.
Source Comments Broad Correlation image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Comment Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/comment
Label Comment
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Supplemental text provided by the promulgating body that clarifies the nature, scope or use of the statement being described.
Source Comments Use «comment» when the text provides useful context for the statement.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Undefined

Comprised Of Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/comprisedOf

Label Comprised Of
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The resource being described includes, comprehends or encompass, in whole or in part, the meaning, nature or importance of the resource being referenced.
Source Comments Deliberately not defining domains and ranges for the property at this time.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain
Property Range

Concept Keyword Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/conceptKeyword
Label Concept Keyword
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A word or phrase used by the promulgating agency to refine and differentiate individual statements contextually.
Source Comments The «conceptKeyword» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the significant topicality of the achievement standard using free-text keywords and phrases derived and assigned by the indexer, e.g., "George Washington", "Ayers Rock", etc. «conceptKeyword» should be used judiciously and in moderation. «conceptKeyword» should be used only if an appropriate term does not exist in a controlled vocabulary.

Note: To express topical values from a controlled vocabulary (e.g., terms drawn from the Australia Schools Online Thesaurus (ScOT)), use the property «conceptTerm».

Note: Use «subject» to denote the learning area/discipline of the achievement standard—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range unspecified

Concept Term Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/conceptTerm

Label Concept Term
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A term drawn from a controlled vocabulary used by the promulgating agency to refine and differentiate individual statements contextually.
Source Comments

The «conceptTerm» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the topicality of the achievement standard—e.g., "Pythagorean Theorem", "Trigonometric functions", "Forces and energy", "Scientific method", "Oral history" etc. The value of the «conceptTerm» property must be drawn from a controlled vocabulary where concepts have all been assigned URI—e.g., terms drawn from the Australia Schools Online Thesaurus (ScOT).

Note: Topic terms can include relevant people, places, things, and events.

Note: To express topical terms using free-text keywords, use the «conceptKeyword» property.

Note: Use «subject» to denote the learning area/discipline of the achievement standard—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc.

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Jurisidiction-specific VES encoded in SKOS (e.g., ScOT SKOS encoding)

Cross Subject Reference Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/crossSubjectReference
Label Cross Subject Reference
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition An explicit reference by the promulgating agency establishing a relationship between the statement being described and a statement in a separate subject standards document (interdisciplinary statement reference).
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/relation
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Derived From Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/derivedFrom
Label Derived From
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The URI of a statement from which the statement being described has been derived. The «derivedFrom» property is used by 3rd parties only in derived statements and must appear in conjunction with a value of "Derived" in the statement's «authorityStatus» property.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Exact Alignment Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exactAlignment
Label Exact Alignment
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The relevant concepts in both competencies are coextensive.
Source Comments Exact Alignment image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Exact Correlation Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exactCorrelation
Label Exact Correlation
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The relevant concepts in the educational resource and the competency are coextensive.
Source Comments Exact Correlation image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Export Version Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exportVersion
Label Export Version
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The URI of the ASN export version of the standards file.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Property Range Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory. Assigned by ASN

File Created [Deprecated] Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/fileCreated
Label File Created
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The specific date the ASN standards file was generated by the ASN repository.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/date
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Property Range http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Has Child Up arrow icon New icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/hasChild
Label Has Child
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The resource being described is higher in some arbitrary hierarchy than the resource being pointed to by this Relation element.
Source Comments The asn:hasChild property is declared here as the owl:equivalentProperty to the gem:hasChild property used previously by ASN.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Usage Note @@@
Equivalent Property http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/hasChild

Identifier Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/identifier
Label Identifier
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition An alternative URI by which the resource is identified.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Undefined

Indexing Status Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/indexingStatus
Label Indexing Status
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The indexing status of statement denoting whether correlators should or should not assign the statement during correlation--Values="Yes"/"No".
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNIndexingStatus/

Is Child Of Up arrow icon New icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/isChildOf
Label Is Child Of
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The statement being described is lower in some arbitrary hierarchy than the statement identified in the asn:isChildOf property. The statement identified is a parent of the statement being described.
Source Comments The asn:isChildOf property is declared here as the owl:equivalentProperty to the gem:isChildOf property used previously by ASN.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Usage Note @@@
Equivalent Property http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/isChildOf

Jurisdiction Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/jurisdiction
Label Jurisdiction
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A legal, quasi-legal, organizational or institutional domain of the entity mandating the use of the achievement standard--e.g., California, Singapore, NCTM.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Property Range Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory
http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNJurisdiction

List ID Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/listID
Label List ID
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A set of one or more alphanumeric characters and/or symbols denoting the positioning of the statement being described in a sequential listing of statements.
Source Comments A list ID is transcribed exactly as found in the source competency framework--e.g., "A.", "b", "c)", "•".
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Literal

Local Subject Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/localSubject
Label Local Subject
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The text string denoting the subject of the document as designated by the promulgating agency.
Source Comment The local subject may (or many not) be the same as the ASN subject. If the local subject and the ASN subject are the same, enter the local subject text string in the «localSubject» property as well as the ASN subject URI in the «subject» property. Language designation required.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Unspecified

Major Alignment Up arrow icon

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/majorAlignment

Label Major Alignment
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Major overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.
Source Comments Major Alignment image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Major Correlation Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/majorCorrelation
Label Major Correlation
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Major overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.
Source Comments Major Correlation image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Minor Alignment Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/minorAlignment
Label Minor Alignment
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.
Source Comments Minor Alignment image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Minor Correlation Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/minorCorrelation
Label Minor Correlation
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.
Source Comments Major Correlation image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Narrow Alignment Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/narrowAlignment
Label Narrow Alignment
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The competency being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the target competency as well as relevant concepts not found in the target competency.
Source Comments Narrow Alignment image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Narrow Correlation Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/narrowCorrelation
Label Narrow Correlation
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The learning resource being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency statement as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency.
Source Comments Narrow Correlation image

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Prerequisite Alignment Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/prerequisiteAlignment
Label Prerequisite Alignment
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The competency being described is a prerequisite to the target competency.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Prerequisite Competency Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/prerequisiteCompetency
Label Prerequisite Competency
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A prerequisite competency for the learning resource being described.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Proficiency Level Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/proficiencyLevel
Label Proficiency Level
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The performance level of a learner or professional in relationship to a competency.
Source Comments The value of asn:proficiencyLevel should be a concept IRI of a member of the class asn:ProficiencyScale.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Proficiency Scale (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/ProficiencyScale)

Publication Status Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/publicationStatus
Label Publication Status
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The publication status of the of the standards document--e.g., "Draft", "Published", "Deprecated".
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Property Range http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNPublicationStatus/

Repository Date Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/repositoryDate
Label Repository Date
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition 7The date the standards document was added to the ASN repository.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/date
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Property Range http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Skill Embodied Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/skillEmbodied
Label Original Document
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills directly or indirectly embodied in the statement.
Source Comments For example, a term from Bloom's Taxonomy.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement);
GEM Learning Resource (http://purl.org/gem/elements/LearningResource)
Property Range Value URI required.

StatementLabel Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/statementLabel
Label StatementLabel
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The textualLabel identifying the class of the statement as designated by the promulgating body—e.g., "Standard," "Benchmark," "Strand," or "Topic."
Source Comments The «statementLabel» is a class and should not be confused with instances of the class. For example, where two statements in a standards document have been identified respectively by the promulgating agency as "Strand: Rennaisance" and "Strand: Social history", the «statementLabel» for both these statements is "Strand".
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines --
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Undefined

Statement Notation Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/statementNotation
Label Statement Notation
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition An alphanumeric notation or ID code as defined by the promulgating body to identify the statement.
Source Comments Statement notation should be used only for referents created by the promulgating body. For alternative statement notations in common use in the community of practice, but not endorsed by the promulgating body, alternative statement notation can be used sparingly on clear evidence of common use and need.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier
Property Domain Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Property Range Undefined

Teaches Competency Up arrow icon

Property URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/teachesCompetency
Label Teaches Competency
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A competency that the learning resource being described teaches.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property
Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)
Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Classes

The format and content of the ASN class tables are summarized below:

Class URI A Uniform Resource Identifier used to identify the class.
Label A human-readableLabel assigned to the class (May be represented in different languages.)
Defined By An identifier of a namespace, pointer to a schema, or bibliographic reference for a document within which the class is defined.
Source Definition The definition of the class in the namespace in which the class was originated. (May be represented in different languages.)
Source Comments Comments on the class from the namespace in which the property originated. (May be represented in different languages.)
Type of Term The grammatical category of the term ("Property", "Class").
Sub Class Of Used to state that all the instances of one class are instances of another.
Usage Note A comment on the usage of the property or class (vann:usageNote).
Equivalent Class The class being defined is equivalent to the class indicated (owl:equivalentClass).

Competency Map Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/CompetencyMap
Label Competency Map
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A Competency Map can be viewed as an identified graph that aggregates two or more competency statements (asn:statement) and the relationships asserted among them.
Source Comments The competency statements can exist in one or more competency frameworks (asn:StandardDocument).
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

Correlation Resource Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/CorrelationResource
Label Correlation Resource
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The Correlation Resource is an entity intended to provide a rich description of a mapping (correlation) between a Learning Resource and a Statement when a binary assertion of a relationship is insufficient.
Source Comments A resource that describes the mapping between a Learning Resource and a node in a learning outcomes framework.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

Educational Framework Up arrow icon New icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/EducationalFramework
Label Educational Framework
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The class of all structured sets of conceptual resources intentionally designed for use as value vocabulary terms in education and training contexts.
Source Comments Similar to the class skos:ConceptScheme with an intended focus on education and training. Examples of educational frameworks include, but are not limited to, frameworks enumerating competencies, text complexity, proficiency scales, assessment rubrics of various forms, and specialized subject vocabularies.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

Jurisdiction Encoding Scheme Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/JurisdictionScheme
Label Jurisdiction Encoding Schemes
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Controlled vocabularies of terms denoting the juristiction or domain of the Standard Document.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

Learning Resource Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource
Label Learning Resource
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A resource that is used as part of an Educational Activity (e.g. a textbook) or that describes (e.g. a lesson plan) or records the Educational Activity (e.g. an audio- or video-recording of a lesson).
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

Map Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Map
Label Map
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A map defines a relationship between two competency assertions (asn:Statement).
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

Proficiency Scale Up arrow icon New icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/ProficiencyScale
Label Proficiency Scale
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition The class of structured profiles describing discrete levels of expertise and performance mastery.
Source Comments Proficiency scales define levels of performance (what a person does) as distinct from knowledge of specific information (what a person knows) and outline tasks a person can manage and the skills necessary to progressively accomplish explicit competencies at increasing levels of complexity. Proficiency scales: (1) assist in making judgments about the kinds of tasks related to a competency that a person is able to perform; and (2) to compare the abilities of different persons with regard to achievement of those competencies at different levels.
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/EducationalFramework

Standard Document Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument
Label Standard Document
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition A collection of Statements representing an expectation of what students should know, value, and be able to do at a target age or age range.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/EducationalFramework New icon

Statement Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement
Label Statement
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition An assertion representing an expectation of what students should know, value, and be able to do at a target age or age range.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

Status Encoding Scheme Up arrow icon

Class URI http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StatusScheme
Label Status Encoding Schemes
Defined By http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/
Source Definition Controlled vocabularies of terms denoting the publication status of the Standard Document.
Source Comments --
Type of Term http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class
Sub Class Of --

 

[1] Up arrow icon Editor's Note: Where possible, the ASN is dedicated to the reuse of existing, meaningful terms (properties & classes) defined in other namespaces—e.g., Dublin Core, FOAF, SKOS—and tries not to "coin" new terms except where there are no suitable existing terms. Thus, the ASN-DF does not include every property frequently used in creating ASN-DF profiles. For example, the ASN-US profile utilizes the following additional terms:

An XML element and an RDF property are not equivalent since they are based in distinct information models (hierarchy (i.e., document tree) vs. graph). Where a useful element exists that is defined in an XML schema but not as an RDF property, consideration should be given when creating an ASN-DF profile to creating an RDF property in a namespace controlled by the profile creator with appropriate attribution of the XML schema—unless such an RDF derivation is prohibited by the creators of the XML schema.

For a full discussion and illustration of "profiles", see Introduction and Specification of ASN "Profiles".