ASN Application Profile

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Contents

About

Contributors

Joseph Chapman, D2L Corporation, JES & Co.
Stuart A. Sutton, JES & Co.
Diny Golder, JES & Co.

Date Issued

2005-08-12

Date Modified

2013-01-21

Status of Document

ASN recommendation

Description of Document

This document is an application profile (AP) that clarifies the use of the properties in the description of Achievement Standards Network (ASN) standards document and the document statement.

Introduction

For a general introduction to Achievement Standards Network (ASN) data, see How the ASN Works. The ASN abstract and data models are based on the DCMI Abstract Model (http://dublincore.org/documents/abstract-model/) and its associated principles. The schema used to describe the two entities in the ASN conceptual model are drawn from a number of different publicly declared namespaces as set out in Section 3 below. In essence, the ASN is an application profile (ASN-AP) that has been encoded following the constraint language set out in Description Set Profiles: A Constraint Language for Dublin Core Application Profiles (http://dublincore.org/documents/2008/03/31/dc-dsp/). As an extensible metadata schema, the ASN embraces the DCMI principles of property (element) refinement and dumb-down.

Namespaces Used for ASN Properties

The ASN standards document and statement descriptions uses properties from the following namespaces:

Entity/Property Tables

Standard Document

Property Label Context-Specific Definition
Align From A standards document from which the standard document being described is aligned.
Align To A standards document to which the standard document being described is aligned.
Author A person or organization chiefly responsible for the intellectual content of the standards document.
Date Copyrighted Date of copyright of the standards document.
Date Valid Where available, the date (often a range) of validity of a resource.
Description A description of the standards document.
Education Level A general statement describing the education or training context. Alternatively, a more specific statement of the location of the audience in terms of its progression through an education or training context. I.e., the grade or grade bands covered by the standards document.
Export Version The URI of the ASN export version of the standards document.
File Created [Deprecated*] The specific date the ASN standards file was generated by the ASN repository.
Has Child Identifies top-level child statements of the standards document being described.
Jurisdiction A legal, quasi-legal, organizational or institutional domain of the entity mandating the use of the achievement standard--e.g., California, Singapore, NCTM.
Language A language of the standards document.
License A legal document giving official permission to do something with the standards document.
Local Subject The text string denoting the subject of the document as designated by the promulgating agency. The local subject may be different from the ASN subject assigned to a standard document as an organizing mechanism in the ASN.
Note A documentation note that describes signification changes or provides aids to administration.
Publication Status The publication status of the of the standard document--e.g., "Draft", "Published", "Deprecated".
Publisher An entity responsible for making the resource available. In the ASN, the publisher is the promulgating agency of the standards document.
Repository Date The date the standard document was added to the ASN repository.
Rights Information about rights held in and over the standards document.
Rights Holder A person or organization owning or managing rights over the standards document.
Source The achievement standard document from which the ASN representation is derived. ♦ The URL and/or formal citation of the original achievement standards document.
Subject The learning area/discipline of the standards document.
Table of Contents A list of subunits of the resource.
Title A name given to the resource.

[Deprecated*] terms remain valid but are no longer recommended

Statement

Property Label Context-Specific Definition
Align From A statement from which the statement being described is aligned.
Align To A statement to which the statement being described is aligned.
Alternative Statement Notation An alphanumeric notation or ID code identifying the statement in common use among end-users.
Author A person or organization chiefly responsible for the intellectual content of the derived statements.
Authority Status The status of a standards statement denoting whether the statement owes its origin to the promulgating agency of the standards document of which the statement is a member (i.e., value "Original") or to some 3rd party (i.e., value "Derived").
Broad Alignment The target competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency being described.
Comment Supplemental text provided by the promulgating body that clarifies the nature, scope or use of the statement being described.
Comprised Of The resource being described includes, comprehends or encompass, in whole or in part, the meaning, nature or importance of the resource being referenced.
Concept Keyword Denote the significant topicality of the achievement standard using free-text keywords and phrases derived and assigned by the indexer, e.g., "George Washington", "Ayers Rock", etc.
Concept Term Denotes the topicality of the achievement standard—e.g., "Phythagorean Theorem", "Trigonometric functions", "Forces and energy", "Scientific method", "Oral history" etc.
Creator An entity primarily responsible for making the resource.
Created Date of creation of a 3rd-party derived statement.
Cross Subject Reference An explicit assertion by the promulgating agency that establishes a relationship between the statement being described and statement in a separate subject standards document (interdisciplinary statement references).
Derived From The URI of a statement from which the statement being described has been derived. The «derivedFrom» property is used by 3rd parties only in derived statements and must appear in conjunction with a value of "Derived" in the statement's «authorityStatus» property.
Description The text of the statement being described.
Education Level A general statement describing the education or training context. Alternatively, a more specific statement of the location of the audience in terms of its progression through an education or training context. I.e., the grade or grade bands covered by the statement being described.
Exact Alignment The relevant concepts in both competencies are coextensive.
Exact Match Used to link two concepts, indicating a high degree of confidence that the concepts can be used interchangeably across a wide range of information retrieval applications.
Has Child Identifies the child of a statement (establishes the downward path in the chain of statements in a taxon path).
Identifier An alternative URI by which the resource is identified.
Indexing Status The indexing status of statement denoting whether correlators should or should not assign the statement during correlation--Values="Yes"/"No".
Is Child Of The statement being described is lower in some arbitrary hierarchy than the statement identified in the «isChildOf» property. The statement identified is a parent of the statement being described (establishes the upward path in the chain of statements in a taxon path.
Is Part Of The described statement is a physical or logical part of the referenced standards document.
Is Version Of A related resource of which the described resource is a version, edition, or adaptation.
Language A language of the statement.
License A legal document giving official permission to do something with the statement.
List ID A set of one or more alphanumeric characters and/or symbols denoting the positioning of the statement being described in a sequential listing of statements.
Local Subject The text string denoting the subject of the document as designated by the promulgating agency. The local subject may be different from the ASN subject assigned to a statement as an organizing mechanism in the ASN.
Major Alignment Major overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.
Minor Alignment Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.
Narrow Alignment The competency being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the target competency as well as relevant concepts not found in the target competency.
Prerequisite Alignment The competency being described is a prerequisite to the target competency.
Rights Information about rights held in and over the statement.
Rights Holder A person or organization owning or managing rights over the statement.
Skill Embodied Cognitive, affective, psychomotor or other skill directly or indirectly embodied in the statement.
Spatial Spatial characteristic of the statement (e.g. geospatial coordinates).
Statement Label The textual label identifying the class of the statement as designated by the promulgating body—e.g., "Standard," "Benchmark," "Strand," or "Topic."
Statement Notation An alphanumeric notation or ID code as defined by the promulgating body to identify the statement.
Subject The learning area/discipline of the statement being described.
Temporal Temporal characteristic of a statement (e.g., an historic period).

Learning Resource

Property Label Context-Specific Definition
Assesses Competency The competency that the learning resource being described assesses.
Broad Correlation The competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the learning resource being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the learning resource.
Exact Correlation The relevant concepts in the learning resource and the competency statement are coextensive.
Major Correlation Major overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.
Minor Correlation Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.
Narrow Correlation The learning resource being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency statement as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency.
Prerequisite Competency A prerequisite competency for the learning resource being described.
Teaches Competency The competency that the learning resource being described teaches.

ASN Property Declarations

Format of entries: The property declarations summarized in the table above are described in detail in the tables below. The format and content of the property descriptions are set out here:

Property URI A Uniform Resource Identifier used to identify the property.
Label A human-readable label assigned to the property (May be represented in different languages.)
Defined By An identifier of a namespace, pointer to a schema, or bibliographic reference for a document within which the property is defined.
Source Definition The definition of the property in the namespace in which the property was orginated. (May be represented in different languages.)
Source Comments Comments on the property from the namespace in which the property orginated. (May be represented in different languages.)
ASN Comments ASN comments on the property including "best practice" information. (May be represented in different languages.)
Type of Term The grammatical category of the term ("Property", "Class").
Refines The described property semantically refines the referenced property. A refinement makes the meaning of the element narrower or more specific as defined in the DCMI Abstract Model (http://dublincore.org/documents/abstract-model/). It will share the meaning of the unrefined element but with a more restricted scope.
Property Domain The domain of the property being defined identifies the class(es) that may be acceptable instances of the subject of RDF statements for the property.
Property Range The range of the property being defined identifies the class(es) that may be acceptable instances of the object of RDF statements for the property.
Obligation Indicates whether the element is required to always or sometimes be present. In this application profile the obligation can be: mandatory, mandatory if applicable, strongly recommended , conditional with stated conditions, or optional. Mandatory ensures that some of the elements are always supported and mandatory if applicable means that this element must be supported if the information is available. An element with a mandatory obligation must have a value. The strongly recommended and the optional elements should be filled with a value if the information is appropriate to the given resource but if not, they may be omitted.
Occurrence Indicates any limit to the repeatability of the element including zero, one to infinity.


Align From

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/alignFrom

Label Align From
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A standards document or statement from which the statement or document being described is aligned.
ASN Comments An alignment is an assertion of some degree of eqiuvalency between the subject and the object of the assertion.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument) [Document-to-document]
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement) [Statement-to-statement]

Obligation Mandatory if present
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Align To

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/alignTo

Label Align To
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A standards document or statement to which the statement or document being described is aligned.
ASN Comments An alignment is an assertion of some degree of eqiuvalency between the subject and the object of the assertion.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument) [Document-to-document]
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement) [Statement-to-statement]

Obligation Mandatory if present
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Alternative Statement Notation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/altStatementNotation

Label Alternative Statement Notation
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition An alphanumeric notation or ID code identifying the statement in common use among end-users.
Source Comments Unlike Statement Notation, Alternative Statement Notation need not be an official identifier created by the promulgating agency. It must be an identifier in common use among end-users of the statement. Alternative Statement Notation should be seldom used and only with a clear demonstration of need (i.e., in common use). For example, in the Common Core State Standards (Math) in the U.S., the official Statement Notation of "CCSS.Math.Content.1.NBT.C.4" is abbreviated in common use by end-users to the unofficial Alternative Statement Notation of "1.NBT.4".
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Undefined
Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero to infinity


Assesses Competency

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/assessesCompetency

Label Assesses Competency
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The competency that the learning resource being described assesses.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Author

Property URI

http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/AUT

Label Author
Defined By

http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/

Source Definition A person or organization chiefly responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a work, usually printed text.
ASN Comments If identified, the person(s) or organization(s) chiefly responsible for the intellectual content of the standards document or derived statements. [Language designation required]
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/contributor

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Mandatory if present
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Authority Status

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/authorityStatus

Label Authority Status
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The status of a standards statement denoting whether the statement owes its origin to the promulgating agency of the standards document of which the statement is a member (i.e., value "Original") or to some 3rd party (i.e., value "Derived").
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNAuthorityStatus/

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Broad Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/broadAlignment

Label Broad Alignment
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The target competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency being described.
ASN Comments Broad Alignment.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Broad Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/broadCorrelation

Label Broad Correlation
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The competency covers all of the relevant concepts in the learning resource being described as well as relevant concepts not found in the learning resource.
ASN Comments Broad Correlation.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Comment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/comment

Label Comment
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition Supplemental text provided by the promulgating body that clarifies the nature, scope or use of the statement being described.
Source Comments Use «comment» when the text provides useful context for the statement.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Undefined
Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Comprised Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/comprisedOf

Label Comprised Of
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The resource being described includes, comprehends or encompass, in whole or in part, the meaning, nature or importance of the resource being referenced.
Source Comments Deliberately not defining domains and ranges for the property at this time.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain --
Property Range --
Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Concept Keyword

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/conceptKeyword

Label Concept Keyword
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A word or phrase used by the promulgating agency to refine and differentiate individual statements contextually.
Source Comments

The «conceptKeyword» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the significant topicality of the achievement standard using free-text keywords and phrases derived and assigned by the indexer, e.g., "George Washington", "Ayers Rock", etc. «conceptKeyword» should be used judiciously and in moderation. «conceptKeyword» should be used only if an appropriate term does not exist in a controlled vocabulary.

Note: To express topical values from a controlled vocabulary (e.g., terms drawn from the Australia Schools Online Thesaurus (ScOT)), use the property «conceptTerm».

Note: Use «subject» to denote the learning area/discipline of the achievement standard—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range unspecified
Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Concept Term

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/conceptTerm

Label Concept Term
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A term drawn from a controlled vocabulary used by the promulgating agency to refine and differentiate individual statements contextually.
Source Comments

The «conceptTerm» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the topicality of the achievement standard—e.g., "Pythagorean Theorem", "Trigonometric functions", "Forces and energy", "Scientific method", "Oral history" etc. The value of the «conceptTerm» property must be drawn from a controlled vocabulary where concepts have all been assigned URI—e.g., terms drawn from the Australia Schools Online Thesaurus (ScOT).

Note: Topic terms can include relevant people, places, things, and events.

Note: To express topical terms using free-text keywords, use the «conceptKeyword» property.

Note: Use «subject» to denote the learning area/discipline of the achievement standard—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc.

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Jurisidiction-specific VES encoded in SKOS (e.g., ScOT SKOS encoding)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Created

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/created

Label Date Created
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition Date of creation of the resource.
Source Comments --
ASN Comments The «creation» date is used for non-canonical statements created by a third party.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Creator

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator

Label Creator
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition An entity primarily responsible for making the resource.
Source Comments --
ASN Comments «Creator» is used with non-canonical statements created by a third party.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/contributor

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory. Assigned by ASN

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One through Infinity.


Cross Subject Reference

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/crossSubjectReference

Label Cross Subject Reference
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition An explicit reference by the promulgating agency establishing a relationship between the statement being described and a statement in a separate subject standards document (interdisciplinary statement reference).
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Date Copyrighted

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/dateCopyrighted

Label Date Copyrighted
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition Date of a statement of copyright.
ASN Comments Recommended best practice for encoding the date value is defined in a profile of ISO 8601 [W3CDTF] and follows the YYYY-MM-DD format.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation Mandatory if available
Occurrence One


Date Valid

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/valid

Label Date Valid
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition Date (often a range) of validity of a resource.
ASN Comments Where the standard document is valid for a given period of time, that period should be recorded.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation Mandatory if available
Occurrence One


Derived From

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/derivedFrom

Label Derived From
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The URI of a statement from which the statement being described has been derived. The «derivedFrom» property is used by 3rd parties only in derived statements and must appear in conjunction with a value of "Derived" in the statement's «authorityStatus» property.
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)
Obligation Optional
Occurrence One


Description

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/term/description

Label Description
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition An account of the content of the standards document.
ASN Comments A description of the standards document. ♦ The text of the statement being described.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One through Infinity. May be repeated for different languages.


Education Level

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/educationLevel

Label Education Level
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition A general statement describing the education or training context. Alternatively, a more specific statement of the location of the audience in terms of its progression through an education or training context.
Source Comments --
ASN Comments Repeat the <educationLevel> property for each grade in a grade band.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/audience

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory
For U.S. K-12, use the ASN VES: http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/
For non-U.S. education levels, use specific jurisdictional VES

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One through infinity


Exact Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exactAlignment

Label Exact Alignment
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The relevant concepts in both competencies are coextensive.
ASN Comments Exact Alignment.jpg

(See #Competency-to-Competency_Mapping)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Exact Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exactCorrelation

Label Exact Correlation
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The relevant concepts in the educational resource and the competency are coextensive.
ASN Comments Exact Correlation.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Exact Match

Property URI

http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#exactMatch

Label has exact match
Defined By

http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core

Source Definition The property skos:exactMatch is used to link two concepts, indicating a high degree of confidence that the concepts can be used interchangeably across a wide range of information retrieval applications. skos:exactMatch is a transitive property, and is a sub-property of skos:closeMatch.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Export Version

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/exportVersion

Label Export Version
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The URI of the ASN export version of the standards file.
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory. Assigned by ASN
Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


File Created [Deprecated]

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/fileCreated

Label File Created
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The specific date the ASN standards file was generated by the ASN repository.
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Has Child

Property URI

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/hasChild

Label Has Child
Defined By

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/

Source Definition The resource being described is higher in some arbitrary hierarchy than the resource being pointed to by this Relation element.
Source Comments --
ASN Comments Identifies top-level child statements of the standards document being described. ♦ Identifies the child of a statement (establishes the downward path in the chain of statements in a taxon path).
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Mandtory
ccurrence One through infinity


Identifier

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/identifier

Label Identifier
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition An alternative URI by which the resource is identified.
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Undefined
Obligation Mandatory when available
Occurrence One to infinity


Indexing Status

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/indexingStatus

Label Indexing Status
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The indexing status of statement denoting whether correlators should or should not assign the statement during correlation--Values="Yes"/"No".
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNIndexingStatus/

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Is Child Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/isChildOf

Label Is Child Of
Defined By

http://purl.org/gem/qualifiers/

Source Definition The statement being described is lower in some arbitrary hierarchy than the statement identified in the «isChildOf» property. The statement identified is a parent of the statement being described.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One to infinity


Is Part Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/isPartOf

Label Is Part Of
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition The described resource includes the referenced resource either physically or logically.
Source Comments --
ASN Comments The value of the «isPartOf» property is the URI of the Standards Document of which the statement being described is a member.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One to infinity


Is Version Of

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/isVersionOf

Label Is Version Of
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition A related resource of which the described resource is a version, edition, or adaptation.
Source Comments Changes in version imply substantive changes in content rather than differences in format.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/relation

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Mandatory if present
Occurrence One


Jurisdiction

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/jurisdiction

Label Jurisdiction
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A legal, quasi-legal, organizational or institutional domain of the entity mandating the use of the achievement standard--e.g., California, Singapore, NCTM.
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory
http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNJurisdiction

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Language

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/language

Label Language
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition A language of the achievement standards document or statement.
Source Comment
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Syntax Encoding Scheme: http://purl.org/dc/terms/ISO639-3, see http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/
Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One through infinity


License

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/license

Label License
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition A legal document giving official permission to do something with the resource.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/rights

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Value URI for a license is mandatory (e.g., Creative Commons License)

Obligation Mandatory if available
Occurrence Zero through infinity


List ID

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/listID

Label List ID
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A set of one or more alphanumeric characters and/or symbols denoting the positioning of the statement being described in a sequential listing of statements.
ASN Comments A list ID is transcribed exactly as found in the source competency framework--e.g., "A.", "b", "c)", "•".
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Literal

Obligation Mandatory if available
Occurrence One


Local Subject

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/localSubject

Label Local Subject
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The text string denoting the subject of the document as designated by the promulgating agency.
Source Comment The local subject may (or many not) be the same as the ASN subject. If the local subject and the ASN subject are the same, enter the local subject text string in the «localSubject» property as well as the ASN subject URI in the «subject» property. Language designation required.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Mandatory if present
Occurrence Zero through infinity



Major Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/majorAlignment

Label Major Alignment
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition Major overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.
ASN Comments Major Alignment.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Major Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/majorCorrelation

Label Major Correlation
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition Major overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.
ASN Comments Major Correlation.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Minor Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/minorAlignment

Label Minor Alignment
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the two competencies.
ASN Comments Minor Alignment.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Minor Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/minorCorrelation

Label Minor Correlation
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition Minor overlap of relevant concepts between the learning resource being described and the competency statement.
ASN Comments Minor Correlation.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Narrow Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/narrowAlignment

Label Narrow Alignment
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The competency being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the target competency as well as relevant concepts not found in the target competency.
ASN Comments Narrow Alignment.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Narrow Correlation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/narrowCorrelation

Label Narrow Correlation
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The learning resource being described covers all of the relevant concepts in the competency statement as well as relevant concepts not found in the competency.
ASN Comments Narrow Correlation.jpg

(See Decision Questions)

Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Note

Property URI

http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#note

Label Change Note
Defined By

http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#

Source Definition A documentation note that describes signification changes, supplies examples, or provides aids to administration.
ASN Comments Language designation required.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Prerequisite Alignment

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/prerequisiteAlignment

Label Prerequisite Alignment
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The competency being described is a prerequisite to the target competency.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Prerequisite Competency

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/prerequisiteCompetency

Label Prerequisite Competency
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A prerequisite competency for the learning resource being described.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity

Publication Status

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/publicationStatus

Label Publication Status
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The publication status of the of the standards document--e.g., "Draft", "Published", "Deprecated".
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNPublicationStatus/

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One

Publisher

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/publisher

Label Publisher
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/

Source Definition An entity responsible for making the resource available.
Source Comments --
ASN Comments In the ASN, the promulgating agency of the standards document.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range Unspecified [however, ValueURI required]
Obligation Mandatory if available
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Repository Date

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/repositoryDate

Label Repository Date
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The date the standards document was added to the ASN repository.
Source Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/date

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF (ISO 8601)

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Rights

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/rights

Label Rights
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/tems/

Source Definition Information about rights held in and over the resource.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/elements/1.1/rights

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Mandatory if available.
Occurrence Zero or infinity


Rights Holder

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder

Label Rights Holder
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition A person or organization owning or managing rights over the standards document.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Mandatory if available.
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Skill Embodied

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/skillEmbodied

Label Original Document
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition Cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills directly or indirectly embodied in the statement.
ASN Comments For example, a term from Bloom's Taxonomy.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement);
GEM Learning Resource (http://purl.org/gem/elements/LearningResource)

Property Range Value URI required.
Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity.


Source

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/source

Label Original Document
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition The achievement standard document from which the ASN representation is derived. ♦ The URI and/or citation of the original achievement standards document.
ASN Comments Source is intended to hold the URL of the source standards document and/or a textual citation for that document.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/relation

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Spatial

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/spatial

Label Spatial
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition Spatial characteristic of the statement (e.g. geospatial coordinates).
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/coverage

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://purl.org/dc/terms/Box (DCMI Box)
http://purl.org/dc/terms/ISO3166 ISO 3166
http://purl.org/dc/terms/Point DCMI Point
http://purl.org/dc/terms/TGN TGN
http://sws.geonames.org/ontology Geonames

Obligation Optional
Occurrence One to infinity

Statement Label

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/statementLabel

Label Statement Label
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition The textual label identifying the class of the statement as designated by the promulgating body—e.g., "Standard," "Benchmark," "Strand," or "Topic."
Source Comments The «statementLabel» is a class and should not be confused with instances of the class. For example, where two statements in a standards document have been identified respectively by the promulgating agency as "Strand: Rennaisance" and "Strand: Social history", the «statementLabel» for both these statements is "Strand".
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Undefined
Obligation Mandatory when available
Occurrence Zero or one

Statement Notation

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/statementNotation

Label Statement Label
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition An alphanumeric notation or ID code as defined by the promulgating body to identify the statement.
Source Comments Statement notation should be used only for referents created by the promulgating body. For alternative statement notations in common use in the community of practice, but not endorsed by the promulgating body, alternative statement notation can be used sparingly on clear evidence of common use and need.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/identifier

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range Undefined
Obligation Mandatory when available
Occurrence One

Subject

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/subject

Label Subject
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition The topic of the resource.
Source Comments --
ASN Comments The «subject» property is used in ASN-conforming data solely to denote the learning area/discipline that the achievement standard covers—e.g., "History", "Science", "Social Studies", "Mathematics" etc. To express the topicality of an achievement standard—e.g., "Pythagorean Theorem", "George Washington", "Trigonometric functions", etc., use «conceptTerm» for values from controlled vocabularies or «conceptKeyword» for free-text.

The value of the «subject» property must be drawn from a controlled vocabulary where concepts have all been assigned URI.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/subject

Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)
Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property range

Value URI from a controlled vocabulary is mandatory
http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopics/

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One through infinity


Table of Contents

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/tableOfContents

Label Table of Contents
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition A list of subunits of the resource.
ASN Comments The table of contents points to a "manfiest", or a hierarchic, ordered, syntactic representation of the statements that are part of the document.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Property Domain

Standard Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Obligation Mandatory
Occurrence One


Teaches Competency

Property URI

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/teachesCompetency

Label Teaches Competency
Defined By

http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/

Source Definition A competency that the learning resource being described teaches.
ASN Comments --
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines http://purl.org/dc/terms/conformsTo
Property Domain

Learning Resource (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/LearningResource)

Property Range

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Temporal

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/terms/temporal

Label Temporal
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/terms/

Source Definition Temporal characteristic of a statement (e.g., an historic period).
ASN Comments Temporal characteristics include those aspects of time that relate to the intellectual content of a statement and not its lifecycle.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines

http://purl.org/dc/terms/coverage

Property Domain

Statement (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/Statement)

Property Range

http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-period DCMI Period
http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF W3CDTF

Obligation Optional
Occurrence Zero through infinity


Title

Property URI

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/title

Label Title
Defined By

http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/

Source Definition A name given to the resource.
ASN Comments The value of the «title» property may be repeated for multiple languages.
Type of Term

http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property

Refines --
Property Domain

Document (http://purl.org/ASN/schema/core/StandardDocument)

Property Range Unspecified
Obligation Mandatory [Document template]
Occurrence One through infinity

Language Designations & Dates

All textual values in the ASN with the exception of properties with values controlled by syntax encoding schemes (SES) (e.g., «copyrightDate») or vocabulary encoding schemes (VES) (e.g., «subject») must have language desgnations using xml:lang. This includes all free-text values.

Dates should be encoded according to W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601 or using full ISO 8601.

Example Partial Encoding

Below are segments of ASN RDF/XML code based on the ASN Application Profile for Minnesota Academic Standards in Science. Segments representing the two entities in the ASN abstract model are provided: the standards document entity and the standards statement entity.

Standards Document

An ASN encoding for the Oklahoma Academic Standards Mathematics standard, contains a single standards document (asn:StandardDocument) RDF description. The standards document is identified by dereferencable URI (http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736). The document description contains URI relating this description to the descriptions of this particular standard's top-level standards statements (gemq:hasChild).

<asn:StandardDocument rdf:about="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736">
  <asn:jurisdiction rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNJurisdiction/OK"/>
  <dc:title xml:lang="en-US">Oklahoma Academic Standards Mathematics</dc:title>
  <dcterms:description xml:lang="en-US">The Oklahoma Academic Standards for Mathematics 2016 specify what students should know and be able to do as learners of mathematics at the end of each grade level or course. Students are held responsible for learning standards listed at earlier grade levels as well as their current grade level. Throughout this document, the standards are written to allow time for study of additional material at every grade level. The order of the standards at any grade level is not meant to imply a sequence of topics and should be considered flexible for the organization of any course. The document provides standards for PK-7, Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II with Algebra I as the pre-requisite for both Geometry and Algebra II.</dcterms:description>
    <dcterms:source rdf:resource="http://sde.ok.gov/sde/sites/ok.gov.sde/files/documents/files/OAS-Math-Final%20Version_2.pdf"/>
    <asn:publicationStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNPublicationStatus/Published"/>
    <asn:repositoryDate rdf:datatype="http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF">2016-03-28</asn:repositoryDate>
    <dcterms:valid rdf:datatype="http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF">2016</dcterms:valid>
    <dcterms:tableOfContents rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736_manifest.json"/>
    <dcterms:subject rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopic/math"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/Pre-K"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/K"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/1"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/2"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/3"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/4"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/5"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/6"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/7"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/8"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/9"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/10"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/11"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/12"/>
    <dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng"/>
    <loc:aut xml:lang="en-US">Oklahoma State Department of Education</loc:aut>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738892"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738953"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739068"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739110"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739153"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739202"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2739235"/>
</asn:StandardDocument>

Standards Statement

Below are segments to two (2) from many statements (achievement assertions) in the Oklahoma standards document. We have included two related statement descriptions from a single taxon path. Again, each statement description is identified by URI (http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737 and http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738738). Each statement is related to the standards document in which it is embodied by referencing its URI (dcterms:isPartOf) and the second statement being below the first in the taxon path is related to the first statement by URI reference (gemq:isChildOf). The second statement then has the URI references for the child statements in the taxon paths stemming down from it.

Statement #1:

<asn:Statement rdf:about="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737">
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736"/>
    <asn:authorityStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNAuthorityStatus/Original"/>
    <asn:indexingStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNIndexingStatus/No"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/Pre-K"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/K"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/1"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/2"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/3"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/4"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/5"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/6"/>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/7"/>
    <dcterms:subject rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopic/math"/>
    <asn:statementLabel xml:lang="en-US">Strand</asn:statementLabel>
    <dcterms:description xml:lang="en-US">Number & Operations</dcterms:description>
    <dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738738"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738742"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738747"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738749"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738758"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738760"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738762"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738764"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738773"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738777"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738780"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738784"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738791"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738798"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738801"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738804"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738809"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738818"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738823"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738826"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738834"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738843"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738845"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738850"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738855"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738860"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738867"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738871"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738876"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738881"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738885"/>
    <gemq:isChildOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736"/>
</asn:Statement>

Statement #2:

<asn:Statement rdf:about="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738738">
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/D2738736"/>
    <asn:authorityStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNAuthorityStatus/Original"/>
    <asn:indexingStatus rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNIndexingStatus/Yes"/>
    <asn:statementNotation>PK.N.1</asn:statementNotation>
    <dcterms:educationLevel rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNEducationLevel/Pre-K"/>
    <dcterms:subject rdf:resource="http://purl.org/ASN/scheme/ASNTopic/math"/>
    <asn:statementLabel xml:lang="en-US">Standard</asn:statementLabel>
    <dcterms:description xml:lang="en-US">Know number names and count in sequence.</dcterms:description>
    <dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738739"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738740"/>
    <gemq:hasChild rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738741"/>
    <gemq:isChildOf rdf:resource="http://asn.desire2learn.com/resources/S2738737"/>
</asn:Statement>

ASN Globally Unique Identifiers

ASN globally unique identifiers (GUIDS) are in the form of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI). URI for standards documents and standard statements are opaque. "An opaque identifier is simply one without any trace of embedded meaning .... They are ... as rare within our IT infrastructure as is purity elsewhere in human affairs. But they are also as impervious to bit rot and semantic deterioration as any identifier can be, and hence embody neutral virtue." (http://weibel-lines.typepad.com/weibelines/2006/02/identifier_ideo.html) As a result, ASN URI identifying standards documents and standard statements carry no meaning in terms of the content they identify. ASN URI are intended solely to support machine operations and are meaningless to end users. Where an achievement standard contains express identifiers for specific components of the standard, the ASN data model captures those identifiers and makes them available to consuming applications (see statementNotation above).

Implementation Advisory: To support interoperability, applications should identify ASN standards documents and standard statements at the system level using their full ASN URI. Identifiers derived through truncation eliminating the namespace portion of the URI are not guaranteed to be globally unique.

Mapping Properties Development

Competency-to-Competency Mapping

Decision Questions: Strength-of-Fit

  1. Are the relevant concepts in the competency being described coextensive with the relevant concepts in the target competency? If "yes", assign Exact Alignment; ELSE
  2. Does the competency being described cover all of the relevant concepts in the target competency as well as other relevant concepts? Is "yes", assign Narrow Alignment; ELSE
  3. Does the target competency cover all of the relevant concepts in the competency being described as well as other relevant concepts? If "yes", assign Broad Alignment; ELSE
  4. Is there a major overlap between the relevant concepts in the competency being described and the relevant concepts of the target competency? If "yes", assign Major Alignment; ELSE
  5. Is there a minor overlap between the relevant concepts in the competency being described and the relevant concepts of the target competency? If "yes", assign Minor Alignment.

Learning Resource-to-Competency Mapping

Decision Questions: Strength-of-Fit

  1. Are the relevant concepts in the learning resource coextensive with the relevant concepts in the competency? If "yes", assign Exact Correlation; ELSE
  2. Does the learning resource cover all of the relevant concepts in the competency as well as other relevant concepts? Is "yes", assign Narrow Correlation; ELSE
  3. Does the competency cover all of the relevant concepts in the learning resource as well as other relevant concepts? If "yes", assign Broad Correlation; ELSE
  4. Is there a major overlap between the relevant concepts of the learning resource and the relevant concepts of the competency? If "yes", assign Major Correlation; ELSE
  5. Is there a minor overlap between the relevant concepts of the learning resource and the relevant concepts of the competency? If "yes", assign Minor Correlation